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LOCATION AND LANDSCAPE

The city can be divided into three different landscapes:

  • The northern upland enclosing Kozłowa Góra and the western parts of Piekary and Szarlej, in places sharply declining into the Brynica valley. Many hills of fairly large true height are dispersed all over it. The upland is part of the Tarnowskie Góry Hummock.
  • The southern upland including Brzeziny Śląskie, Jutrzyny and Dąbrówka Wielka with a slightly hilly surface, strongly modified by mining and steel industry (dumps, holes) and railway transport (railway embankments). The southern upland is part of the Katowice Upland.
  • The Valley encompassing a belt of cities along the eastern border (Józefka, Wieczorka Settlement, Buczek-Damrot Settlement) is a part of the Józefka Basin, shaped by the Brynica river as well as part of the Szarlejka valley dividing the two uplands and together with the Brynica valley creating the so called Szarlej-Brynica depression (Szarlej, Brzozowice, Kamień, Andaluzja settlement, Powstańców Śląskich Settlement, Dołki).

The highest point in the town is Liberation Mound (356 metres, i.e. 167,98 feet) AMSL on a hill of 340 metres, i.e. 1 115,49 feet AMSL) raised in 1932-1937. The highest natural point in  the territory is Winna Góra (350 metres, i.e. 1 148,29 feet AMSL) in Kozłowa  Góra. The widely known Góra Kalwaria rises to 316 metres, i.e. 1 036,75 feet AMSL). The lowest point is the bottom of the Brynica River (216 metres, i.e. 708,66 feet AMSL) at the foot of Sośnia Góra in the south-eastern part of the town.

The town has very rich flora and fauna. At the border of Piekary, Bytom and Chorzów there is a waterfowl reserve ‘Żabie Doły’ which is the biggest centre of waterfowl in Silesia – however, it is not the only place of natural importance in the town. The inhabitants of Silesia who want contact with nature may also visit hills (Kocie Górki, Winna Góra), forests (Las Dioblina and Las Lipka) and the Brynica valley as well as meadows and ponds in Kozłowa Góra. The Naturalists’ Association of Piekary deals with research and popularisation of the nature of our town.